Born: July 16, 1773
Died: June 20, 1827
Political Party: Democratic Republican
Term of Office: December 8, 1814 - December 14, 1818
Buried: Grandview Cemetery Chillicothe, Ohio
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Worthington was born in what is now West Virginia. As a young man he inherited a large plantation from his uncle. Then in 1796, Worthington helped future Governor Duncan McArthur survey the Virginia Military District. As payment, he received land near Chillicothe, Ohio. He would end up selling his property and freed the 130 slaves that he inherited. His brother in law Edward Tiffin, who would later become Ohio's first Governor, also freed his slaves and followed Worthington to Chillicothe. Many of the now freed, former slaves also followed Worthington to Chillicothe and helped him build his mansion, named "Adena"
Worthington and Tiffin both grew to become politically prominent in the Northwest Territory. Worthington served in the Territorial legislature from 1799-1803. At the time, Territorial Governor Arthur St. Clair greatly opposed Ohio statehood. And so Worthington greatly opposed him. Worthington personally traveled to Washington DC to talk President Jefferson into making Ohio a State. As a result, Jefferson fired St.Clair from his post as Territorial Governor, and he approved the Enabling Act of 1802, which called for Ohioans to form a constitutional convention and to start the process of statehood. Thanks to the efforts of Thomas Worthington, Ohio became the 17th state in 1803.
Thomas Worthington was a delegate at Ohio's Constitutional convention. Then after a brief time in the Ohio General Assembly, Worthington was chosen as one of two of Ohio's first US Senators. While his brother-in-law Edward Tiffin became Ohio's first Governor. He served in the US Senate until 1807. In 1808, he returned to the Ohio General Assembly for a 2 year term. Then in 1810, he returned to the US Senate. As a US Senator, he called for military relief for Ohioans who were having problems with Shawnee Indian Chief Tecumseh and his brother the Prophet.
In 1814, Worthington left the Senate and was elected Ohio's 6th Governor. As Governor he advocated for a canal system, worked on prison reform and supported free public education, among many other things. He won reelection in 1816 and moved the capital from Chillicothe to Columbus.